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2019年6月大學英語四級閱讀理解模擬試題及答案解析(2)

四級考試網 鯉魚小編 更新時間:2019-01-23

      2019年6月的大學英語四級考試即將開始,小伙伴們都開始復習了嗎?下面是鯉魚小編整理的閱讀理解練習題(2),大家可自主測試。

    It happens to every medical student sooner or later. You get a cough that persists for a while. Ordinarily,you would just ignore it--but now, armed with your rapidly growing medical knowledge, you can’t help worrying. The cough could mean just a cold, but it could also be a sign of lung cancer.

  For doctors in training, nurses and medical journalists, hypochondria is an occupational danger. The feeling usually passes after a while, leaving only a funny story to tell at a dinner party. But for the tens ofthousands who suffer from true hypochondria they live in constant terror that they are dying of some awfuldisease, or even several awful diseases at once. Doctors can assure them that there’s nothing wrong, but since the cough is real, the assurances fall on deaf ears. And because no physician or test can offer a 100% guarantee that one doesn’t have cancer, a hypochondriac always has fuel to feed Iris .or her worst fears.

  Hypochondriacs don’t harm just themselves; they block the whole healthcare system. Although they account for only about 6% of the patients who visit doctors every year, they tend to burden their physicians with frequent visits that take up excessive amounts of time. And the problem may be worse, thanks to the popularity of medical information on the Internet. They go on the Web and learn about new diseases and new presentations of old diseases that they never even knew about before. Doctors have taken to calling this phenomenon cyberchondria (網絡疑病癥).

  英語四級閱讀模擬題:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1.According to the passage, if you suffer from hypochondria, ______.

  A.you must be a medical student, or a medical worker

  B.you are haunted by a possibly inexistent disease

  C.you will never get rid of this disease

  D.you always tell funny stories at dinner parties

  2.Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of the passage?

  A.Hypochondria happens to everybody sooner or later.

  B.We needn’t worry about hypochondria since it is not dangerous at all.

  C.Hypochondria originates from too much knowledge of medicine.

  D.Not only individuals but also the healthcare system might be disturbed by unnecessary terrors.

  3.Why can’t doctors convince the suffers that there is nothing wrong?

  A.Because the doctors can’t cure the minor diseases

  B.Because the doctors don’t assure them of that

  C.Because the sufferers are deaf and cannot hear what the doctors say

  D.Because lack of absolute guarantee makes the patients doubtful

  4.The problem becomes worse due to _____

  A.the increasing number of patients

  B.the widespread medical knowledge on the Internet

  C.the patients,regular visits to doctors that occupy too much time

  D.new diseases and symptoms emerge constantly

  5.What does the author most probably think about hypochondria?

  A.The author considers that hypochondria is an incurable disease

  B.The author thinks that the consequences of hypochondria might be disastrous

  C.The author suggests that the patients who have hypochondria should set their hearts at rest

  D.The author sympathizes with the patients who suffer from hypochondria

  英語四級閱讀參考答案

  1.[B] 事實細節題。仔細讀完第2段后半部分,不難發現hypochondria只是瞎猜疑,故選項B正確。時常懷疑自己生病是醫務人員的職業病,但為此困擾的并不僅僅是他們,因為第2段第3句說:“But... who suffer from true hypochondria...”,說明醫務人員不是真正的疑病癥患者,故選項A不正確。選項C過于極端。選項D是對原文斷章取義。

  2.[D] 主旨大意題。第1段以舉例方式引入主題,第2段對hypochondria下定義,第3段則論述其對醫療****體系造成的干擾,選項D正確全面地概括了文章大意,為正確答案。全文的中心詞是hypochondria,在四個選項中,干擾項(選項A、B、C)都出現了該詞,只有正確選項(選項D)沒有直接使用該詞。

  3.[D] 事實細節題。根據文中的“because no physician or test can offer a 100% guarantee that one doesn’t have cancer...”即可得出選項D正確。原文雖有表示“咳嗽確實存在”,但這并不意味著醫生不能治好類似的小毛病,因此選項A不正確。誤選C是沒有正確理解短語fall on deaf ears,該固定表達的意思是“充耳不聞”。

  4.[B] 推理判斷題。句中thanks to是諷刺的用法,引出原因,故選項B正確。本題考查因果關系,要辨別明顯的因果關系,只要關注文中是否有because, reason, due to, thanks to, result等詞即可。

  5.[C] 觀點態度題。從作者對hypochondria的描述可以看出此病只是源于多疑,并非生理上的不治之癥,因此只要病人們放寬心,此病就能痊愈。故選項C正確。選項A的incurable和B的disastrous都太絕對,比較容易排除。而本文基調較為客觀,作者沒有表露個人情感,故選項D也不正確。

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2019年6月大學英語四級閱讀理解模擬試題及答案解析(1)

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